The Battle of Samana was fought between Banda Singh Bahadur and Wazir Khan in 1709. Following the battle, Banda Singh Bahadur marched forward and shook the administration of Delhi.
Banda Singh's invasion of Samana was brutal for the Muslim population who suffered heavily as a result. It is estimated that 10,000 civilians were killed during the siege.
The city of Samana was seen as an accursed place in the eyes of the Sikhs because of the history of Mughal murders that came from the town; Jalal-ud-din, the executioner of Guru Tegh Bahadur, Shashal Beg & Bashal Neg, who both killed the younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh and Ali Hussain who lured Guru Gobind Singh to evaluate Anandpur in 1704 with his false promises.
On 16 November Banda Singh and the Sikh forces entered the city from all sides and fought courageously for four days after which the city fell and Banda Singh took control. The Sikh victory at Samana was followed by massive massacre of the Mughal army.
On 20th November 1709, Banda Singh appointed Fateh Singh as the new head of the Samana city while he himself marched towards Sirhind to punish Wazir Khan.